“Gamma ray” Science-Research, November 2021, Week 3 — summary from OSTI GOV, NASA Technology Transfer Program, Arxiv, Astrophysics Data System and DOAJ

OSTI GOV — summary generated by Brevi Assistant

Herein we present a layout for a pixelated scintillator based gamma-ray spectrometer for non-linear inverse Compton scattering experiments. By colliding a laser wakefield sped up electron beam of light with a securely focused, intense laser pulse, gamma-ray photons up to 100 MeV powers and with few femtosecond period might be generated. Solid electromagnetic fields in the magnetospheres of neutron stars and various other astrophysical things might launch their energy in violent, intense episodes of magnetic reconnection. We reveal that reconnection in this program can successfully transform magnetic energy to X-ray and gamma-ray radiation and therefore power brilliant, high-energy astrophysical flares. A big volume gamma spectrometer was developed and constructed to analyze food items and ecological examples having reduced radionuclide focus. Energy resolution reveals a 0. 2% variation for both 241 Am and 137 Cs as a function of placement within all regions of the well’s central sensitive volume. This work intends to characterize features that add to the spooky variants that show up in gamma-23 ray spectra of loaded uranium hexafluoride cylinders. While the enrichment of the UF6 in a 24 cyndrical tube can greatly affect gamma-ray ranges at tops such as the 185. 7 keV peak and be utilized to 25 confirm enrichment, Many other characteristics of a filled up UF 6 cylinder can influence the ranges. IceCube has identified many TeV- PeV neutrinos, however their astrophysical beginnings stay mostly unidentified. Assuming a link between some IceCube occasions and the late GRB bumps, we display in a model-independent manner in which GRB sites qualified of producing late ~PeV neutrinos ought to be slightly relativistic or nonrelativistic. Long periods of time gamma-ray ruptureds, the brightest occasions since the Big Bang itself, are believed to come from ultra-relativistic jet breaking out from an enormous stellar envelope. One unresolved inquiry is the origin of the limited connection between the spooky peak energy and height luminosity discovered in observations.

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NASA Technology Transfer Program — summary generated by Brevi Assistant

A self-stabilizing network in the form of an approximate, non-partitioned digraph includes K nodes having a synchronizer implementing a procedure. A new Sync message is additionally sent to any directly connected nodes if the clock value is higher than or equivalent to a graph and both d limit T. Below. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center has established a new microfabrication process developed to generate looming thin film x-ray absorbers maximized for soft x-ray spectroscopy. To meet these requirements, we have developed an innovative microfabrication procedure in which a big electron-beam evaporated gold absorber is sustained by small gold stems that are electroplated in a photoresist mold and mildew. Small satellites, in some cases called CubeSats, are mostly made use of for space research. The Miniaturized Astrometric Alignment Sensor advances positioning stellar sensing unit equipment. Trendsetters at the NASA Langley Research Center have created the Multi-Layer Nuclear Thermionic Avalanche Cell, unique electric generator which transforms nuclear gamma-ray photon energy directly to electric power by liberating intra-band atomic inner shell electrons. Liberated electrons cross the vacuum cleaner space and come to the collection agency to efficiently convert energy stemmed from contaminated materials right into usable electricity. Photo quality indications and known issue standards for industrial 2D x-ray radiography have been making use of this technique for many years. The Pyramid Image Quality Indicator is made especially for CT information and which can be customized to fit a variety of applications. Optical applications require clear windows for a variety of applications, including security of tool optics from dirt and contamination and waveform band denial. The Ultra-Thin Large Area Polymer Film Fabrication Process is a new fabrication procedure that allows high uniformity structured big area slim films at an inexpensive.

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Arxiv — summary generated by Brevi Assistant

Gamma-ray discharge during long-duration gamma-ray flare occasions is believed to be caused primarily by > 300 MeV protons communicating with the ambient plasma in or near the photosphere. These outcomes challenge the CME shock resource situation as the major mechanism for γ ray manufacturing in LDGRFs. The DArk Matter Particle Explorer is a space high-energy cosmic-ray detector covering a large energy band with a high energy resolution. In this paper, we quantitatively prove that the photon sample with the biggest proportion of acceptance to energy resolution is optimum for line search. The Crab pulsar and the bordering nebula powered by the pulsar’s rotational energy with the formation and termination of a relativistic electron-positron wind is a bright resource of gamma-rays carrying crucial info about this complicated corporation. It has been recently asserted by 2 various groups that the spectral inflection observed in gamma rays from Galactic pulsars and supernova remnants could be as a result of conversion of photons into ultra-light axion-like-particles in large-scale Galactic electromagnetic fields. In order to fix up these different results, we propose that environmental results in matter would suppress the ALP production in thick astrophysical plasma, enabling them to relax previous bounds and make them compatible with photon-ALP conversions in the low-density Galactic tool. Gamma-ray bursts at high redshifts are anticipated to be gravitationally lensed by items of different mass scales. Using the conventional afterglow model, we calculate the features of the lensed afterglow lightcurves under the assumption of two prominent analytic lens models: factor mass and the Singular Isothermal Sphere model. The Gamow Explorer will make use of Gamma Ray Bursts to: 1 probe the high redshift cosmos z > 6 when the first stars were birthed, galaxies formed and Hydrogen was reionized; and 2 allow multi-messenger astrophysics by rapidly determining Electro-Magnetic IR/Optical/X-ray counterparts to Gravitational Wave GW events. When a GRB is identified, the quickly slewing spacecraft will aim the 5 photometric network Photo-z Infra-Red Telescope PIRT to recognize high redshift z > 6 lengthy GRBs within 100s and send an alert within 1000s of the GRB trigger.

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Astrophysics Data System — summary generated by Brevi Assistant

The beginning of ultrahigh-energy planetary rays is a mystery. We create a time-dependent model for proton energization by plunging compressible waves in GRB jets while thinking about the simultaneous result of the jet’s dynamics and the shared interactions in between rough waves and fragments. 3 Dimensional X-ray Diffraction is revealed to be feasible at the I12 JEEP Beamline of Diamond Light Source. The spatial resolution was limited by the far-field detector pixel size; the average of the grain centre of mass setting errors was established as ± ∼ 80 microns. The arrival directions of TeV-PeV cosmic rays are extremely consistent due to the isotropization of their directions by spreading on stormy electromagnetic fields. We say that the formation of small-scale anisotropies is the reflection of the specific realisation of the stormy magnetic area experienced by cosmic rays in a timely manner scales intermediate in between the very early, ballistic regimen and the late, diffusive regime. The Crab pulsar and the bordering nebula powered by the pulsar’s rotational energy via the formation and discontinuation of a relativistic electron-positron wind is a brilliant resource of gamma-rays lugging vital details concerning this complicated corporation. We examine the temporal and spectral properties of ultra-luminous X-ray source NGC ~55 ~ULX1 making use of \ it Swift, \ it XMM-Newton and \ it NuSTAR monitorings carried out throughout 2013- 2021. We fit the X-ray spectra with a two thermal component model including a blackbody and a disc, and the soft component dominates in these monitorings. The Gamow Explorer will use Gamma Ray Bursts to: 1 probe the high redshift world z > 6 when the first stars were birthed, galaxies formed and Hydrogen was reionized; and 2 enable multi-messenger astrophysics by quickly determining Electro-Magnetic IR/Optical/X-ray counterparts to Gravitational Wave GW events.

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DOAJ — summary generated by Brevi Assistant

Qualities of tellurite-tungstate-antimonate glasses containing heavy steel oxide were examined in detail using 2 approaches: the MCNPX Monte Carlo code and the Phy-X/PSD platform. Taste thickness, which has an important duty in establishing radiation shielding character, enhanced relying on the rise in Sm 2 O 3 concentration. From the acquired values, it can be ended that the SM1. 5 samples having 1. 5 mol% would have the most reliable role in radiation shielding. Doping HMO glasses with Sm 2 O 3 was observed to add directly to the growth of radiation securing properties of the glass. This research aimed at performing an investigation into the prospective application of bismuth silicate glasses as unique shield tools rather than regular guards in nuclear medication centers. Mass depletion coefficient results for glass samples were computed relatively with the XCOM program and MCNPX code. The gamma-ray depletion parameters such as half worth layer, tenth value layer, indicate complimentary path, effective atomic number were gotten in the analysis gamma ray energy range from 75 to 336 keV. According to the results acquired, BISI6 glass sample with the greatest Bi 2 O 3 additive has a superb gamma-ray security. The purpose of this research is to examine the radiation protecting properties of novel concrete examples with bulk Bi 2 O 3 and Bi 2 O 3 nanoparticles integrated right into its make-up. The mass depletion coefficient of the concrete examples without Bi 2 O 3 and with 5 and 7 wt% bulk Bi 2 O 3 were experimentally identified and were contrasted versus worths gotten utilizing the XCOM and Geant4 simulations. The half-value layer for the concretes with bulk Bi 2 O 3 and Bi 2 O 3 nanoparticles is also checked out. In addition, C-N5 had a greater RPE than C-B5, This result demonstrates that Bi 2 O 3 NP is more effective at securing radiation than mass Bi 2 O 3.

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