“Nuclear Reaction” Science-Research, March 2022 — summary from Astrophysics Data System, DOAJ and NASA Technology Transfer Program

Astrophysics Data System — summary generated by Brevi Assistant

The cross sections of the 168 Yb 167 Yb, 174 Yb 174 Tm, 173 Yb 173 Tm, 174 Yb 171 Er, 170 Yb 169 Yb and 176 Yb 175 Yb nuclear reactions at 14. 77 MeV neutron energy and the change weighted typical samples of the 168 Yb 167 Yb, 170 Yb 169 Yb and 176 Yb 175 Yb nuclear reactions at 10 and 15 MeV bremsstrahlung endpoint powers are measured using offline gamma spectroscopy. Collective inertial mass coefficients relative to translational, relative, and rotational activities are microscopically determined, along with the cumulative reaction course self-consistently determined, based on the adiabatic self-consistent collective coordinate method. The inertial masses based upon the ASCC method recreate the precise total nuclear mass for the translational activity along with the exact lowered masses as the asymptotic values for the relative and rotational motions. The weak r-process offers an explanation of the formation of lighter hefty elements 36 ≤ Z ≤ 47 in ultra-metal-poor stars. Nonetheless, the qualities of nuclear reactions in the MHD nucleosynthesis are not as clear as in another site, that of core-collapse supernovae. The total bremsstrahlung flux-averaged cross-sections < σ > for the photonuclear reactions ^nat Ni ^57 Ni and ^nat Ni ^56 Ni have been determined in the array of end-point powers E _γmax = 35. 94 MeV. Previously, more than 62 of the 115 X-ray resources of low-mass-Xray binaries have been determined as photospheric radius development bursters [1] Type-I X-ray bursts are regularly happening thermonuclear runaways on the surface of an accreting neutron star. We after that reviewed the level of sensitivity of the X-ray burst model by varying the proton and alpha-induced reaction rates in JINA REACLIBV2. 2 within representative nuclear physics uncertainties.

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DOAJ — summary generated by Brevi Assistant

Y2O3-doped and pure tungsten examples were at the same time exposed to deuterium plasma. At each explored exposure condition, Y2O3-doped tungsten reveals a higher total amount of D stock than pure tungsten. The angular distribution of the 12C reaction populating the 6. 92 and 7. 12 MeV states of 16O at sub-Coulomb energy are evaluated in the framework of the Distorted Wave Born Approximation. In today’s work, we reveal that thinking about both onward and in reverse angle information in the evaluation, the 7. 12 MeV state at sub-Coulomb energy is populated by Compound nuclear procedure as opposed to move procedure. A windowless supersonic gas jet target has been placed in operation lately in Mexico. On top of that, as a first research case, we present data from the ^ 14N ^ 12C reaction, at center of gravity energies in between 1. 9 and 3. 0 MeV with an E-ΔE telescope detector at 35 °. Proton- deuteron fusion reaction has been studied utilizing a proton beam of light with an energy of 260 keV and a deuterium-implanted graphite target. The emission of fast electrons shows that electron testing triggers the electrons to approach the centers throughout the reaction really carefully. Type-I X-ray ruptureds are regularly occurring atomic runaways externally of an accreting neutron star. We then assess the sensitivity of the X-ray ruptured model by varying the proton and alpha-induced reaction rates in JINA REACLIBV2. 2 within depictive nuclear physics unpredictabilities.

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NASA Technology Transfer Program — summary generated by Brevi Assistant

Scientists at NASA’s Glenn Research Center have established novel ways to shield gas aspects made use of in hot hydrogen gas-propelled nuclear thermal propulsion engines. These technologies will potentially have a broad impact, as fuel elements for nuclear activators significantly have applications in the commercial nuclear power sector, nuclear powered submarines and ships, and deep space systems. NASA Ames Research Center has created a cutting-edge built-in temperature sensing method for microheaters. Trendsetters at Langley Research Center have established a style and method to enhance performance in nuclear propulsion technology for long-distance space missions. The nuclear thermionic avalanche cell Augmented Nuclear Electric Propulsion and/or Nuclear Thermal Propulsion design surrounds the rocket chamber and activator core with an NTAC and securely transforms gamma ray radiation expelled throughout nuclear fission processes, which would or else be shed to radiation protecting, into electrical power to sustain extra propulsion. Pioneers at the NASA Langley Research Center have established the Multi-Layer Nuclear Thermionic Avalanche Cell, a novel electric generator which transforms nuclear gamma-ray photon energy directly to electrical power by liberating intra-band atomic inner covering electrons. Liberated electrons cross the vacuum cleaner space and get here to the collector to effectively transform energy stemmed from contaminated materials into useful electrical power. NASA Kennedy Space Center is looking for partners thinking about the industrial application of the Regolith Advanced Surface Systems Operations Robot Excavator. With space transportation prices hovering at about $4000 per extra pound and limited launch vehicle shroud constraints, this small, light-weight system enables the launch of an efficient, tough, functional robot excavator on precursor landing missions with minimal price. JSC is seeking interested celebrations to license and market this patented technology.

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